Specific Groups


Experiences of Transgender and Gender Nonbinary Medical Students and Physicians. (Dimant, 2019)

Authors explore the barriers transgender and gender nonbinary (TGNB) medical students and physicians encounter during their medical training and examine the disparities that exist on the basis of gender identity.


Gender Diversity in Radiology: It Is Not Just Black and White; It Is Multiple Shades of Gray. (Zavaletta, 2019) 

It is important to create a diverse and inclusive environment in the radiology workforce and it applies not just to diversity in gender but also diversity in gender identity and sexual orientation.

Serving the Needs of Transgender and Gender-Diverse Persons in Radiology. (Stowell, 2019)
Article highlights the importance of a standard curriculum or training requirement in radiology for the medical care and treatment of transgender and gender-diverse(TGD) individuals. Article provides a glossary of terminology used in reference to gender-diverse populations.

People with Disabilities:
Disability Inclusion — Moving Beyond Mission Statements (Swenor, 2019)
Article highlights the importance of diversity and inclusion in the biomedical workforce with the inclusion of people with disabilities, a group that has received little attention in recent diversity recruitment efforts. Institutions need to move beyond their mission statements to include people of disabilities and support policies that allow them to speak out and self-identify without fear of reprisal or stigmatization. Includes table that provides best practices for building an inclusive environment with people with disabilities.

Chapter 5 and Appendix B from the AAMC’s Accessibility, Inclusion and Action in Medical Education (Meeks & Jain, 2018)

Chapter 5 – provides a guideline to residency programs how to create a community that is welcoming of physicians with disabilities through programmatic assessment, professional development for faculty, residents and staff, and awareness training.

Appendix B – provides great resources, webinars, modules on disability, accommodations, best practices, guidelines for faculty working with students with disabilities

URM in Radiology:

Current Status of Diversity by Race, Hispanic Ethnicity, and Sex in Diagnostic Radiology. (Chapman, 2014) 
The importance of having a diverse workforce has been shown to improve patient care. The study assesses the diversity (by race, ethnicity and sex) of the U.S. diagnostic radiology practicing physicians compared to that of the U. S. population and the diagnostic radiology residents, and highlights the continued underrepresentation of female and URM in the radiology physician workforce despite an available pipeline. 


Women in Radiology:

Men (and Women) in Academic Radiology: How Can We reduce the Gender Discrepancy? (Grimm, 2016)

The authors review the current status of women in academic radiology programs – underrepresented in academic and leadership positions, and explore possible reasons for the gender imbalance.


Gender trends in Radiology Authorship: A 35-Year Analysis. (Piper, 2016)

The study explores the gender gap in radiology authorship over time, finds an upward trend in female participation in authorship in the radiology literature and highlights the importance of senior female mentorship.


Choosing a Specialty in Medicine: Female Medical Students and Radiology. (Fielding, 2007)

The authors discuss factors that influence female medical students from pursuing radiology as a career. Knowledge of these factors is important in order to address the misconceptions and enhance interest by female medical students for the field of radiology.


A Female Faculty Development Program for Radiology. (Spalluto, 2016)

As revealed on the 2015 ACR Workforce, women remain underrepresented in leadership positions in radiology. The authors provide a female faculty development program aimed to support female career promotion and advancement within radiology.